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February 2019

What Is It?

It is a quick approximation of the risk severity and does not reflect the rigor of a detailed, numerical analysis. The overall risk level can be as simple high, medium, or low (or even high/low), depending on the severity of impact and the probability of the event occurring.

High, Medium, Low Table

Table 1

It helps identify high, medium and low level risks by looking at the probability of the occurrence and the overall impact to your project. For instance, a highly likely / high impact event is obviously a high risk.

Ignore, Caution, Respond Chart

Table 2

The green boxes represent a combination of probability and impact that you may safely be able to ignore. The red boxes represent combinations that need to be managed. The yellow box represent risks that should be evaluated individually to determine if you should respond or not.

January 2019


According to English Oxfords, risk is ubiquitous. In other words, risk can be defined as the potential events that might occur in the project throughout its implementation phase. Thus, it requires strategies to migrate the consequences of the potential risks occurring. Effective strategies for risk enables project team to identify your project’s strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats Hence, as project control team for Pan Borneo Package project, PCSS manage the risk by using Risk Management Workshop which following the process that has been suggested by PMBOK Fifth Edition. The objectives are:

  • Determine the current mitigation strategies for effectiveness and;
  • Determine possible reassessments should the mitigation be deemed not to be effective
  • Re-assess the identified risks for changes to the probability and consequence factors
  • Identify any new risks

Projects by definition is about to bring the changes and ofcourse, every change that we made has a risk. Therefore, every project that we implemented, we need to manage the potential risk.


Risk Identification

The risk identification process will be executed through a workshop environment as this allows brainstorming across all stakeholders. The workshop will be very structured to allow the identification of the potential risk events by following the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) as means of maintaining systematic focus on the project deliverables.

Risk Analysis

Grey literature (or grey literature) are materials and research produced by organizations outside of the traditional commercial or academic publishing and distribution channels. Common grey literature publication types include reports, working papers, government documents, white papers and evaluations.

Risk Action

This is also known as risk response actions. After calculating the possible outcomes you need to decide how to respond to each risk. While small risks may not affect your project at all and may not be worthy of spending time on those, leaving matters completely unattended isn’t a wise decision.

Risk Monitoring

The risk monitoring is to monitor the individual risks contained therein and update the register on a period basis and/or as new risks surface. It’s often very important to analyze and address serious risks as soon as they arise, immediately applying the appropriate risk response plan.

Risk Control

Then, it has to be controlled. This is the final process of risk management and defines which approach is more appropriate to deal with the individual risks identified in the risk register. The four basic approaches discussed:

  • Risk Avoidance – an informed decision not to engage in the activity that could give rise to the risk
  • Risk Reduction – involve methods that reduce the severity of the loss or the likelihood of the loss from occuring
  • Risk Retention – involve accepting the loss from occurs
  • Risk Transfer – involve transferring the risk to a third party such as an insurance contract
  • Various departments within the organisation

PCSS Welcome our industry partners, delegates and clients to the 4th International Energy Week (IEW) at the Borneo Convention Centre, Kuching from 23th – 25th January 2018.

IEW’18 will encompass the ElectroPowerAsia 2018 Exhibition, PetroleumAsia 2018 Exhibition, Asia Infrastructure 2018 Exhibition and the IEW’18 Conference and Technology Symposium. It is an integrated energy event that generate opportunities.

Visit our booth (no. 20), for more information on 4D The Advanced Digital Construction, please contact;-
Mr Andy Tiong – HP: 0138181445 Email:
Ms Afreda Aleng -HP: 0198465097 Email:




Before you start thinking about your construction project visualization, you have to decide exactly what do you expect, how will you achieve it and why do you need it?

The fact that, there is a confusion between the construction project 4D simulation and realistic presentation for many AEC companies especially who are new in the market


The architecture, engineering, and construction (“AEC”) industry has made significant strides in the implementation and use of new virtual design and construction (“VDC”) tools. Building projects in virtual reality during planning, pre- construction, and construction phases of a project can improve a project team’s efficiency and assist in the resolution of problems before they become a reality in the field, when the solutions have a higher cost and risk.

1.Realistic construction presentation (Architectural Visualization):

It was only since a few years ago when architects have reached a point where their visualizations have become all-dominant in their profession, the digital revolution have brought together the construction industry and information technologies in ways that were once unbelievable, Architectural visualization has become such an important commodity for the construction industry.

Architects nowadays are so addicted with creating stunning visualizations because they believe their clients understand images better than the plans on blueprints. They are very keen on creating beautiful architectural visualizations and yet it is almost impossible to always become updated with the best and latest architectural visualization software.

Because of the constant evolution of the tools used in creating architectural visualizations, clients may now be presented with a new breed of visualization technique. Architects now have access to the latest software used by moviemakers and game developers which produce realistic and beautiful scenes.

After information technology and the construction industry, a new set of industries are now having the lines between them, the game industry and the rendering engine developing companies. The moviemakers and game developers can look to architects for advice in designing and modeling buildings for their projects while the architects are now looking to them for instructions on creating a new form of architectural visualization where the renderings can be presented in a navigable manner. This hybridization between these two industries is otherwise known as Gamification.

These engines allow the users to select between multiple options of compositions and materials in the proposed building and see the changes in real-time. Static renderings sometimes fail to impart on the client the building’s spatial and experiential qualities. The engines allow the client to walk around the proposed building virtually in the most realistic and the highest definition possible as if they were playing a video game. The software developers aim to give their clients an experience of what it feels like to “live” in that building as though it was already built by allowing them to move through the project virtually as freely as they would after it is built.

Video :


2. 4D Simulation (Planning Visualization):

Project schedules alone are not detailed enough for performing certain process analyses. Some parameters used for planning are lost once a schedule is created and some schedules are not conducive to considering “what-if” scenarios. 4D modeling solves many of these problems by enabling project teams to simulate the virtual construction of a project. The following sections will provide an overview of 4D modeling and its typical uses.

Standalone 4D Models

Figure 1 depicts the components of a standalone 4D model. These components include a 3D model of the project design, representative of the product, and the project schedule, representative of the process and plan. “Virtual” project models can also incorporate other parameters, such as cost and resources, and are referred to as XD models, where X represents the number of additional parameters included beyond the product and process.

Comparative 4D Models

Comparative 4D models involve the simultaneous review of multiple, yet related 4D models in adjacent computer screen “windows.” The playback of such 4D models is synchronized through the use of internal or external software links. related to a comparative 4D modeling scenario that allows the user to perform a visual comparison of a single 3D model and two schedules. This scenario uses one 3D model that is linked to two schedules

Video :


Simply , there is a great difference between the scheduling visualization and Arch visualization :

a.Input : 3D model , material , LOD , schedule , etc…

b.Tools/techniques : Software , work flow , etc…

c.Output : 4D advanced simulation video for project management purpose or realistic fancy presentation for marketing purpose.

So to create a 4D planning simulation you don’t need a 3D model containing a full realistic finishing materials and details since the 4D simulation will be used for the project management only ,but on the other hand for the Arch. visualization you will need the full 3D model containing the realistic materials and finishes.But what about having both of them in the same model and video ?

From my point of view it is not a bad idea since you want to create a construction sequence video with realistic finishes,but keep in mind that it will take a lot of time and effort because you will go through the both ways, also no need show the exact construction sequence time line in both of them ( for example : planning visualization every week sequence and Arch. visualization show every 3 months sequence )

Video :

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